The basis is that one starts from what one already knows and/or can do. It looks at what already works. It also points to possibilities in difficult circumstances. These can give the necessary energy for change. In addition it helps to see the first step to the solution.
Solution focus work uses the following three basic principles:
Solution focus thinking is contrasted with problem-oriented thinking. The main differences between the two are listed below.
|PROBLEM FOCUS||OPLOSSING FOCUS|
|What is wrong? |
What must be ‘repaired’?
An expert who knows everything
Limitations and weaknesses
|What is wanted? |
What is going well?
Fault lines in the past
Resources and strengths
Like Brief Therapy, coaching does not necessarily need to last a long time if you use the various possible questions of Solution Focus Coaching.
You look at what works first in twos and then in groups. This is explored further so that ideas come to the surface which are then incorporated into new ways of working. It is then also natural to use this same approach of discussion and ideas with clients.
“Just take what you’ve got, no matter how incomplete and inconsistent and even incoherent it appears. You’ve got what you’ve got.”
(Steve de Shazer)